References

  • Adnan, A., Ong, M. N., Chew, K., & Show, P. (2019). Technologies for biogas upgrading to biomethane: A review. Bioengineering, 6(4), 92. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering6040092
  • AIB – Association of Issuing Bodies. (2020). FaStGO – Facilitating standards for Guarantees of Origin. Retrieved from https://www.aib-net.org/news-events/aib-projects-and-consultations/fastgo
  • Air Liquide. (2009). Air Liquide roadmap for Hydrogen Energy. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/ga2009/Eric%20Prades_JTI%20ALH2E%20271009%20v3.pdf
  • Air Liquide. (2019). Technology status of hydrogen production from fossil fuels w/CCS. Retrieved from http://ieahydrogen.org/pdfs/3-3-Del-Corso_2019-AIR-LIQUIDE-H2-production.aspx
  • Air Liquide. (2020a). Autothermal reforming (ATR) – syngas generation. Retrieved from https://www.engineering-airliquide.com/autothermal-reforming-atr-syngas-generation
  • Air Liquide. (2020b). Steam methane reforming (SMR) – Syngas production. Retrieved from https://www.engineering-airliquide.com/steam-methane-reforming-syngas-production
  • Antonini, C., Treyer, K., Streb, A., van der Spek, M., Bauer, C., & Mazzotti, M. (2020). Hydrogen production from natural gas and biomethane with carbon capture and storage – A techno-environmental analysis. Sustainable Energy Fuels, 4, 2967-2986. Retrieved from https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/ articlehtml/2020/se/d0se00222d
  • Argus Media. (2020). Nordic firms begin testing bio-LNG as shipping fuel. Retrieved from https://www.argusmedia.com/en/news/2114817-nordic-firms-begin-testing-biolng-as-shipping-fuel
  • ASSET study. (2018). Sectoral integration – long-term perspective in the EU energy system. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/final_draft_asset_study_12.05.pdf.
  • ASSET study. (2020). Hydrogen generation in Europe: Overview of costs and key benefits. Retrieved from Study for the European Commission by Guidehouse and Tractebel: https://op.europa.eu/en/ publication-detail/-/publication/7e4afa7d-d077-11ea-adf7-01aa75ed71a1
  • Avacon. (2020). Wasserstoff im Gasnetz. Retrieved from https://www.avacon-netz.de/de/avacon-netz/ forschungsprojekte/wasserstoff-im-gasnetz.html
  • Baena-Moreno, F., Pastor-Perez, L., Wang, Q., & Reina, T. (2020). Bio-methane and bio-methanol co-production from biogas: A profitability analysis to explore new sustainable chemical processes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 265. doi:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/ S0959652620319569
  • Biogas World. (2018). State-of-the-art dry and wet anaerobic digestion systems for solid
    waste. Retrieved from https://www.biogasworld.com/news/dry-wet-anaerobic-digestion- systems/#:~:text=There%20are%20good%20reasons%20to,in%20dry%20anaerobic%20digestion%20 system.
  • Bloomberg. (2019). Hydrogen’s Plunging Price Boosts Role as Climate Solution. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-21/cost-of-hydrogen-from-renewables-to- plummet-next-decade-bnef
  • BPIE. (2017). What is the state of the EU building stock? Retrieved from https://www.bpie.eu/ knowledge-hub/#ongoing-projects.
  • Caglayan, D. G., Weber, N., Heinrichs, H. U., Linßen, J., Robinius, M., Kukla, P. A., & Detlef Stolten. (2020). Technical potential of salt caverns for hydrogen storage in Europe. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 45(11), 6793-6805. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.12.161
  • Canadian Consulting Engineer. (2020). Hatch helps develop green hydrogen project in Bécancour, Que. Retrieved from https://www.canadianconsultingengineer.com/energy/hatch-helps-develop-green- hydrogen-project-in-becancour-que/1003410708/
  • Carbon Recycling International. (2011). George Olah Renewable Methanol Plant; first production of fuel from CO2 at industrial scale. Retrieved from https://www.carbonrecycling.is/projects#project-goplant
  • CEN – European Committee of Standaridsation. (2016). New CEN Standards – Biomethane standards to mitigate climate change. Retrieved from https://www.cen.eu/news/brief-news/Pages/NEWS-2018- 016.aspx
  • CertifHy. (2015). Overview of the market segmentation for hydrogen across potential customer groups, based on key application areas. Retrieved from https://www.certifhy.eu/images/D1_2_Overview_of_ the_market_segmentation_Final_22_June_low-res.pdf
  • CertifHy. (2019a). CertifHy – Developing the 1st EU-wide Guarantee of Origin scheme for premium hydrogen. Retrieved from https://www.certifhy.eu/images/media/files/CertifHy_Presentation_short_ final_lowres.pdf
  • CertifHy. (2019b). Towards a new Hydrogen market – CertifHy Green Hydrogen Guarantees of Origin are launched. Retrieved from https://www.certifhy.eu/news-events/169-towards-a-new-hydrogen-market- certifhy-green-hydrogen-guarantees-of-origins-are-launched.html
  • Chalmers University of Technology. (2018). GoBiGas demonstration – a vital step for a large-scale transition from fossil fuels to advanced biofuels and electro fuels. Retrieved from https://www. chalmers.se/ SiteCollectionDocuments/SEE/News/Popularreport_GoBiGas_results_highres.pdf
  • CME Group. (2020). Henry Hub Natural Gas Futures Quotes. Retrieved from https://www.cmegroup. com/trading/energy/natural-gas/natural-gas.html
  • D., Jakobsen; V., Åtland. (2016). Concepts for large-scale hydrogen production. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Retrieved from https://ntnuopen.ntnu.no/ntnu-xmlui/ handle/11250/2402554
  • Deltalings – H-vision. (2019). Blue hydrogen as accelerator and pioneer for energy transition in the industry. Retrieved from https://www.deltalinqs.nl/stream/h-vision-final-report-blue-hydrogen-as- accelerator
  • DENA. (2019). The role of clean hydrogen in the future eneryg systems of Japan and Germany. Retrieved from https://www.dena.de/fileadmin/dena/Publikationen/PDFs/2019/The_role_of_clean_ hydrogen_in_the_future_energy_systems.pdf
  • DENA. (2020). dena-ANALYSE: Branchenbarometer Biomethan 2020. Retrieved from https://www.dena. de/fileadmin/dena/Publikationen/PDFs/2020/Brachenbarometer_Biomethan_2020.pdf
  • DNV GL. (2018). Alternative fuels and technologies for greener shipping. Retrieved from https:// hydrogeneurope.eu/sites/default/files/2018-04/DNV_GL_Executive-Summary-Alt-Fuels_guidance_ paper_2018-04_web.pdf
  • EBA. (2019a). Statistical report: European Overview 2019. Retrieved from https://www.europeanbiogas. eu/eba-statistical-report-2019/
  • EBA. (2019b). EBA Annual Report 2019. Retrieved from https://www.europeanbiogas.eu/wp-content/ uploads/2020/01/EBA-AR-2019-digital-version.pdf
  • EBA. (2019c). Biogas Basics. Retrieved from Basics. https://www.europeanbiogas.eu/wp-content/ uploads/2019/08/Biogas-Basics-v6.pdf
  • EBA, GIE, NGVA Europe & SEA LNG. (2020). BioLNG in transport: making climate neutrality a reality (expected publication November 2020).
  • Ecofys. (2012). Renovation Tracks for Europe up to 2050. Building renovatin in Europe, what are the choices?
  • Ecofys. (2013). Heat Pump Implementation Scenarios until 2030. An analysis of the technology’s potential in the building sector of Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://www.ehpa.org/fileadmin/documents/03._Media/Studies_and_ reports/Heat_Pump_Implementation_Scenarios.pdf
  • Ecofys. (2018). Gas for Climate – How gas can help to achieve the Paris Agreement target in an affordable way. Retrieved from https://gasforclimate2050.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Ecofys-Gas- for-Climate-Report-Study-March18.pdf
  • Edwards R.; Larive J.-F.; Beziat J.-C. (2011). Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Future Automotive Fuels and Power Trains in the European Context – Report, Version 3c. Brussels: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/eur-scientific-and-technical-research-reports/ well-wheels-analysis-future-automotive-fuels-and-power-trains-european-context-report
  • EffiSludge. (2020). For a sustainable and eneryg efficient pulp and paper industry. Retrieved from http://scandinavianbiogas.com/effisludge/
  • EHPA Stats. (2020). Heat pump sales overview. Retrieved from http://stats.ehpa.org/hp_sales/story_ sales/
  • Enagás, Energinet, Fluxys Belgium, Gasunie, GRTgaz, NET4GAS, OGE, ONTRAS, Snam, Swedegas, Teréga. (2020). European Hydrogen Backbone. Retrieved from https://gasforclimate2050.eu/ publications/
  • Enapter. (2020a). About Us. Retrieved from https://www.enapter.com/about
  • Enapter. (2020b). Enapter Chooses Germany for Electrolyser Mass-Production Site. Retrieved from https://
    www.enapter.com/press-release/enapter-chooses-germany-for-electrolyser-mass-production-site
  • Eneco. (2020). Plan for wind energy to power Rotterdam green hydrogen plant. Retrieved from https://news.eneco.com/wind-energy-to-power-rotterdam-green-hydrogen-plant/
  • EnergiForsk. (2016). Biogas upgrading – TEchnical review (Report: 2016:275). Retrieved from https://energiforskmedia.blob.core.windows.net/media/22326/biogas-upgrading-technical-review- energiforskrapport-2016-275.pdf
  • EnergiGas Sverige. (2019). Biomethane in Sweden – market overview & policies. Retrieved from https://www.energigas.se/library/2907/biomethane-in-sweden-191107-cw.pdf
  • EnergiGas Sverige. (2020). Biogas Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.energigas.se/fakta-om-gas/ biogas/statistik-om-biogas/
  • Energinet. (2020). CERTIFIKATER PÅ BIOGAS I TAL. Retrieved from https://energinet.dk/Gas/Biogas/ Certifikater-i-tal
  • Enexis group. (2019). EERSTE GROEN GAS BOOSTER OFFICIEEL IN GEBRUIK GENOMEN. Retrieved from https://www.enexisgroep.nl/nieuws/eerste-groen-gas-booster-officieel-in-gebruik-genomen/
  • ENTSOG. (2020). Innovative Projects Platform. Retrieved from https://www.entsog.eu/ipp
  • ERGaR. (2020a). European Renewable Gas Registry. Retrieved from http://www.ergar.org/
  • ERGaR. (2020b). ERGaR CoO Scheme. Retrieved from http://www.ergar.org/ergar-coo-scheme/
  • ETIP Bioenergy. (2020). Methanol. Retrieved from https://www.etipbioenergy.eu/value-chains/products-
    end-use/products/methanol
  • EUR-lex. (2014). Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal- content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A02014L0094-20200524
  • European Alternative Fuels Observatory. (2020a). AF fleet (2020); AF new registrations (2020). Retrieved from https://www.eafo.eu/vehicles-and-fleet/n2-n3
  • European Alternative Fuels Observatory. (2020b). EAFO list of LNG bunkering facilities for LNG fueled vessesl in Europe. Retrieved from https://www.eafo.eu/shipping-transport/port-infrastructure/lng/ bunkering-for-ships
  • European Commission. (2016). Liquefied Natural Gas and Gas Storage will boost EU’s energy security. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/sv/MEMO_16_310
  • European Commission. (2018). Renewable Energy – Recast to 2030 (RED II). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/jec/renewable-energy-recast-2030-red-ii
  • European Commission. (2019a). Accelerating energy renovation investments in buildings. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/eur-scientific-and-technical-research-reports/accelerating- energy-renovation-investments-buildings
  • European Commission. (2019b). Impact of the use of the biomethane and hydrogen potential on trans- European infrastructure – final report. Retrieved from https://www.europeangashub.com/wp-content/ uploads/2019/11/Trinomics-biomethane-and-hydrogen-study.pdf
  • European Commission. (2020a). EU strategy to reduce methane emissions (COM(2020) 663). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/eu_methane_strategy.pdf
  • European Commission. (2020b). First Innovation Fund call for large-scale projects: 311 applications for the EUR 1 billion EU funding for clean tech projects. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/clima/ news/first-innovation-fund-call-large-scale-projects-311-applications-eur-1-billion-eu-funding-clean_ en#:~:text=In%20response%20to%20the%20first,carbon%20capture%2C%20use%20and%20storage.
  • European Commission. (2020c). A hydrogen strategy for a climate-neutral Europe (COM(2020) 301 final). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/hydrogen_strategy.pdf
  • European Commission. (2020d). A Renovation Wave for Europe – greening our buildings, creating jobs, improving lives (COM(2020) 662 final). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/eu_ renovation_wave_strategy.pdf
  • European Committee for Standardisation (CEN). (n.d.). CEN/TC 408 – Natural gas and biomethane for use in transport and biomethane for injection in the natural gas grid. Retrieved from https://standards.cen.eu/dyn/www/f?p=204:32:0::::FSP_ORG_ID,FSP_LANG_ ID:853454,25&cs=1A6E2885FFA69ED2A8C4FA13
  • European Environment Agency. (2018). Final energy consumption by sector and fuel. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/final-energy-consumption-by-sector-10/ assessment
  • European Environment Agency. (2018). Final energy consumption by sector and fuel. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/final-energy-consumption-by-sector-9/
  • European Environment Agency. (2020a). Total greenhouse gas emission trends and projections in Europe. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/greenhouse-gas- emission-trends-6/assessment-3
  • European Heat Pump Association. (2020). Resources. Retrieved from https://www.ehpa.org/market-data/
  • Eurostat. (2020). Total production of grey hydrogen. Retrieved from http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/ nui/show.do?dataset=DS-066342&lang=en
  • FCH. (2019). Towards a Dual Hydrogen Certification System for Guarantees of Origin and for the Certification of Renewable Hydrogen in Transport and for Heating & Cooling. Final Report of Phase
    2. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/280120_Final_Report_ CertifHy_publishing%20approved_publishing%20%28ID%207924419%29%20%28ID%207929219%29.pdf
  • Florence School of Regulation. (2018). What is renewable gas? Retrieved from https://fsr.eui.eu/what-is- renewable-gas/
  • Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. (2019). Hydrogen Roadmap Europe. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/Hydrogen%20Roadmap%20Europe_Report
  • Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Observatory. (2020a). Chapter 2: Hydrogen molecule market. Retrieved from https://www.fchobservatory.eu/sites/default/files/reports/Chapter_2_Hydrogen_Molecule_ Market_070920.pdf
  • Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Observatory. (2020b). Chapter 1: Technology & Market. Retrieved from https://www.fchobservatory.eu/sites/default/files/reports/Chapter_1_Technology_and_Market_070920.pdf
  • Fuel Cell Electric Buses – knowledge database. (2020). Joint initiative for hydrogen vehicles across Europe. Retrieved from https://www.fuelcellbuses.eu/projects/jive
  • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. (2018). Programme report review 2018. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EGAA19001ENN_002_ONLINE%20VERSION%20%28ID%20 7214731%29_0.pdf
  • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. (2019). Hydrogen Roadmap Europe. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/Hydrogen%20Roadmap%20Europe_Report.pdf
  • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. (2020a). FCH JU Projects. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/page/fch-ju-projects
  • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking. (2020b). Maritime hydrogen: the next big wave. Retrieved from https://www.fch.europa.eu/sites/default/files/Maritime%20hydrogen.%20The%20next%20big%20 wave.pdf
  • Gasunie. (2018). Waterstofleiding Gasunie van Dow naar Yara in gebruik genomen. Retrieved from https://www.gasunie.nl/nieuws/waterstofleiding-gasunie-van-dow-naar-yara-in-gebruik-genomen
  • Gasunie. (2019). Innovative gasification technologies supported by Gasunie New Energy in the Netherlands. Retrieved from https://www.en-tran-ce.org/custom/uploads/2019/11/P3.3-Theelen.pdf
  • GIE and EBA. (2020). European Biomethane Map. Retrieved from https://www.gie.eu/index.php/gie- publications/maps-data/bio-map/
  • Global Syngas Technologies Council. (2020). The Gasification Industry. Retrieved from https://www.globalsyngas.org/ resources/the-gasification-industry
  • GoBiGas. (2018). Demonstration of the production of biomethane from biogas via gasification. Retrieved from https://www.goteborgenergi.se/Files/Webb20/Kategoriserad%20 information/Forskningsprojekt/The%20GoBiGas%20Project%20-%20Demonstration%20 of%20the%20Production%20of%20Biomethane%20from%20Biomass%20v%20230507_6_0. pdf?TS=636807191662780982
  • Green Gas Grids. (2013). Biomethane Guide for Decision Makers – Policy guide on biogas injection into the natural gas grid (WP2/D2.3). Retrieved from https://www.dena.de/fileadmin/dena/Dokumente/ Themen_und_Projekte/Erneuerbare_Energien/GreenGasGrids/Policy_Guide_for_Decision_Makers.pdf
  • Green Gas Initiative. (2017). Biomethane – Naturally Green Gas. Retrieved from https://www.greengasinitiative.eu/upload/contenu/ggi-biomethane_report_062017_1.pdf
  • GreenPort. (2020). €11M EU Funding for bio-LNG infrastructure. Retrieved from https://www.greenport. com/news101/lng/11m-eu-funding-for-bio-lng-infrastructure
  • GrInHy2.0. (2020). Project overview. Retrieved from https://www.green-industrial-hydrogen.com/
  • GRT Gaz et al. (2019). Technical and economic conditions for injecting hydrogen in natural gas networks. Retrieved from http://www.grtgaz.com/fileadmin/plaquettes/en/2019/Technical-economic- conditions-for-injecting-hydrogen-into-natural-gas-networks-report2019.pdf
  • GRTgaz. (2020). Separation of hydrogen from other gas mixtures with membranes. Retrieved from http://www.grtgaz.com/en/press/press-releases/news-details/article/projet-pilote-de-prenzlau.html
  • Guidehouse. (2020). Gas for Climate, Gas decarbonization pathways 2020-2050. Retrieved from https://gasforclimate2050.eu/?smd_process_download=1&download_id=339
  • Guidehouse. (2020b). Benefits of Hybrid Heat Systems in a Low Carbon Energy System – An evidence- based analysis. Report prepared for Wales & West Utilities Ltd. Retrieved from https://guidehouse. com/-/media/www/site/downloads/energy/2020/gh_-benefits-of-hybrid-heating-systems.pdf
  • H2.live. (2020). Fuel stations map. Retrieved from https://h2.live/en
  • H21 Projects. (2020). H21 NIC – Phase 2. Retrieved from https://www.h21.green/projects/
  • H2Future. (2020). H2Future at a glance. Retrieved from https://www.h2future-project.eu/
  • H2tools. (2015). Merchant Hydrogen Plant Capacities in Europe. Retrieved from https://h2tools.org/ hyarc/hydrogen-data/merchant-hydrogen-plant-capacities-europe
  • Hidrogeno Aragon. (2020). Projects HIGGS. Retrieved from https://hidrogenoaragon.org/en/proyectos/ higgs_en/
  • H-vision. (2019). Annexes to the H-vision main report. Retrieved from https://www.deltalinqs.nl/stream/ h-vision-annexes-to-the-main-report/20190702124825
  • HyARC. (2017). Refinery hydrogen production capacities by country. Retrieved from Hydrogen Tools: https://h2tools.org/node/820
  • HYBRIT. (2020). HYBRIT – towards fossil-free steel. Retrieved from https://www.hybritdevelopment.com/
  • Hydrogen Council. (2017). How hydrogen empowers the energy transition. Retrieved from
    https://hydrogencouncil.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Hydrogen-Council-Vision-Document.pdf
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2016). Hydrogen transport & distribution. Retrieved from https://hydrogeneurope.eu/ hydrogen-transport-distribution#:~:text=Worldwide%20there%20are%20already%20(2016,followed%20 by%20Belgium%20and%20Germany
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2019b). Hydrogen Europe Vision on the role of Hydrogen and Gas infrastructure on the Road toward a Climate Neutral Economy – A contribution to the Transition of the Gas Market. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/hydrogen_europe_-_vision_on_the_role_of_ hydrogen_and_gas_infrastructure.pdf
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2020a). Clean Hydrogen Monitor 2020. Retrieved from https://hydrogeneurope.eu/ sites/default/files/2020-10/08.10.2020_Clean%20Hydrogen%20Monitor_launch%20webinar_ppt_1.pdf
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2020b). Hydrogen Europe: projects. Retrieved from https://hydrogeneurope.eu/ projects
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2020b). Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda. Retrieved from https://hydrogeneurope.eu/sites/default/files/20200703%20Final%20Draft%20updated%20SRIA%20HE- HER.pdf
  • Hydrogen Europe. (2020c). Green hydrogen for a European Green Deal, A 2×40 GW initiative. Retrieved from Green hydrogen for a European Green Deal, A 2×40 GW initiative, 2020
  • Hydrogen Tools. (2016). Hydrogen Pipelines. Retrieved from https://h2tools.org/hyarc/hydrogen-data/ hydrogen-pipelines
  • Hydrogenics. (2019). Large scale PEM electrolysis: technology status and upscaling strategies. Retrieved from http://hybalance.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Large-scale-PEM-electrolysis.pdf
  • IEA. (2017). The future of trucks. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/reports/the-future-of-trucks
  • IEA. (2017a). IEAGHG technical report 2017-02 – Techno-economic evaluation of SMR based standalon
    (merchant) hydrogen plant with CCS. Retrieved from https://ieaghg.org/exco_docs/2017-02.pdf
  • IEA. (2019). The future of hydrogen – seizing today’s opportunities. Retrieved from
    https://www.iea.org/reports/the-future-of-hydrogen
  • IEA. (2020). Hydrogen Projects Database. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/reports/hydrogen- projects-database
  • IEA. (2020a). Outlook for biogas and biomethane: Prospects for organic growth – World Energy Outlook special report. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/reports/outlook-for-biogas-and-biomethane- prospects-for-organic-growth/an-introduction-to-biogas-and-biomethane#abstract
  • IEA. (2020c). Heat Pumps. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/reports/heat-pump
  • IEA. (2020c). Outlook for biogas and biomethane: Prospects for organic growth: Sustainable supply potential and costs. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/reports/outlook-for-biogas-and-biomethane- prospects-for-organic-growth/sustainable-supply-potential-and-costs#abstract
  • IEA Bioenergy. (2019). Status report on thermal gasification of biomass and waste 2019 – IEA Bioenergy Task 33 special report.
  • International Maritime Organisation. (2020). Sulphur 2020 – Cutting sulphur oxide emissions. Retrieved from http://www.imo.org/en/MediaCentre/HotTopics/Pages/Sulphur-2020.aspx
  • IPCC. (2014). Buildings. Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ ar5_chapter9.pdf
  • Ipsos and Navigant. (2019). Comprehensive study of building energy renovation activities and the uptake of nearly zero-energy buildings in the EU. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/ files/documents/1.final_report.pdf.
  • IRENA. (2018). Hydrogen from renewable power – Technology outlook for the energy transition. Retrieved from https://www.irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2018/Sep/IRENA_ Hydrogen_from_renewable_power_2018.pdf
  • IRENA. (2019). Hydrogen: A renewable energy perspective. Retrieved from https://www.irena.org/-/ media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2019/Sep/IRENA_Hydrogen_2019.pdf
  • ITM Power. (2019). New Factory Update and Senior Production Appointment. Retrieved from https://www.itm-power.com/news/new-factory-update-and-senior-production-appointment
  • J.M. Ogden. (2001). Review of small stationary reformers for hydrogen production. Retrieved from https://afdc.energy.gov/files/pdfs/31948.pdf
  • JRC. (2019). The potential role of H2 production in a sustainable future power system. Retrieved from https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC115958/kjna29695enn.pdf
  • Leeds City Gate. (2017). H21. Retrieved from https://www.northerngasnetworks.co.uk/wp-content/ uploads/2017/04/H21-Report-Interactive-PDF-July2016.compressed.pdf
  • Leeds CIty Gate h21. (n.d.). Leeds CIty Gate h21. Retrieved from https://www.northerngasnetworks.co.uk/ wp-content/uploads/2017/04/H21-Report-Interactive-PDF-July-2016.compressed.pdf
  • Linkoping University. (2019). Biogas can increase the capacity of pulp and paper mills. Retrieved from https://liu.se/en/news-item/biogas-okar-pappers–och-massabrukens-kapacitet
  • Liquid Wind. (2020). Carbon neutral fuel. Retrieved from https://www.liquidwind.se/emethanol
  • Ludwig Bolkow Systemtechnik. (2020). International hydrogen strategies: a study commissioned by
    and in cooperation with the World Energy Council Germany.
  • McKinlay, C., Turnock, S., & Hudson, D. (2020). A Comparison of hydrogen and ammonia for future long distance shipping fuels. Conference: LNG/LPG and Alternative Fuels in Ships. Retrieved from A comparison of hydrogen and ammonia for future long-distance shipping fuels,
  • McPhy. (2020). McPhy Announces the Success of its Capital Increase. Retrieved from https://mcphy.com/en/press-releases/mcphy-announces-the-success-of-its-capital-increase/
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory; M.W. Melaina, O. Antonia, M. Penev. (2013). Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A review of key issues. Retrieved from https://www.nrel.gov/docs/ fy13osti/51995.pdf,
  • NavalTechnology. (2020). U212 / U214 Submarines. Retrieved from https://www.naval-technology.com/ projects/type_212/
  • Navigant. (2019). Gas for Climate – The optimal role for gas in a net-zero emissions energy system. Retrieved from https://gasforclimate2050.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Navigant-Gas-for-Climate- The-optimal-role-for-gas-in-a-net-zero-emissions-energy-system-March-2019.pdf
  • Nel. (2018). Nel planning new 360 MW electrolyser plant. Retrieved from https://www.electrive. com/2018/09/03/nel-planning-new-360-mw-electrolyzer-manufacturing-plant/
  • Nel. (2019). Large-Scale On-Site Hydrogen Generation by Water Electrolysis as an Enabler for De-Carbonization. Retrieved from http://www.h2forum.kr/upload/speaker/pdf/kor/2-3.pdf
  • NGV Journal. (2019). Bio-LNG bunkering services now available in the Port of Gothenburg. Retrieved from http://www.ngvjournal.com/s1-news/c7-lng-h2-blends/swedegas-fordonsgas-sign-agreement-to- bring-bio-lng-to-gothenburg/
  • NGVA. (2020a). Stations map. Retrieved from https://www.ngva.eu/stations-map/
  • NGVA Europe. (2020b). Secretary General Andrea Gerini in Interview with Energetika Magazine. Retrieved from https://www.ngva.eu/medias/secretary-general-andrea-gerini-in-interview-with- energetika-magazine/
  • Nordic GTL. (2019). A pre-feasibility study on sustainable aviation fuel from biogas, hydrogen and CO2. Retrieved from https://www.nordicenergy.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Nordic-aviation-fuel- production-28-10-2019-final.pdf
  • Nyserda. (2020). Potential for Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Technologies in New York State. Retrieved from https://www.nyserda.ny.gov/-/media/Files/Publications/Research/Environmental/20-13- Carbon-Capture-Utilization-and-Storage-Technologies.pdf
  • OECD/IEA. (2013). Technology Roadmap – Carbon Capture and Storage 2013. Retrieved from OECD/IEA, Technology Roadmap: Carbon capture and storage
  • Offshore Energy. (2020). Preem kicks off Sweden’s largest CCS project. Retrieved from https://www.offshore-energy.biz/preem-kicks-off-swedens-largest-ccs-project/
  • OGE. (2020). H2morrow – act today to be greenhouse gas neutral by 2050. Retrieved from https://oge.net/en/us/projects/h2morrow
  • Ontras Gastransport GmbH. (2020). Using BIogas as a source of green energy. Retrieved from https://www.ontras.com/en/company/translate-to-englisch-ontras-going-green/translate-to-englisch- unsere-projekte
  • Orsted. (2020). Ørsted and Yara seek to develop groundbreaking green ammonia project in the Netherlands. Retrieved from https://orsted.com/en/media/newsroom/news/2020/10/143404185982536
  • Refhyne. (2020). Construction is progressing well at the REFHYNE site. Retrieved from https://refhyne.eu/construction-progressing-at-the-refhyne-site/
  • REGATRACE. (2020a). D6.1 – Mapping the state of play of renewable gases in Europe. Retrieved from https://www.regatrace.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/REGATRACE-D6.1.pdf
  • REGATRACE. (2020b). D3.1: Guidelines for establishing national biomethane registries. Retrieved from https://www.regatrace.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/REGATRACE-D3.1.pdf
  • REGATRACE. (2020c). Flanders launches official registry system for biomethane. Retrieved from https://www.regatrace.eu/flanders-launches-official-registry-system-for-biomethane/
  • Renewable Gas French Panorama 2017. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.grdf.fr/ documents/10184/5780393/renewablegas_frenchpanorama2017.pdf/02b60c1e-ddf3-4a71-4f93- 49b4c05ed6a4?t=1570203753500
  • Roads2HyCom. (2009). Fuel cells and hydrogen in a sustainable energy economy. Retrieved from https://cordis.europa.eu/docs/results/19/19733/121790171-6_en.pdf
  • S&P Global, Platts. (2020). Hydrogen overview: Market Perspectives and Production Pathways.
  • Saheb, Y., Bodis, K., Szabo, S., Ossenbrink, H., & Panev, S. (2015). Energy Renovation: The Trump Card for the New Start for Europe. European Commission Joint Research Centre. Retrieved from https://elperiodicodelaenergia.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Energy-renovation-2016.pdf
  • Schneider, S., Bjohr, S., Graf, F., & Kolb, T. (2020). State of the art hydrogen production via pyrolysis of natural gas. ChemBioEng Reviews, 7(5), 150-158. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/ epdf/10.1002/cben.202000014
  • Snam & The European House Ambrosetti. (2020). H2 Italy 2050. Una filiera nazionale dell’idrogeno per la crescita e la decarbonizzazione dell’Italia. Retrieved from https://www.snam.it/export/sites/snam-rp/ repository/file/Media/news_eventi/2020/H2_Italy_2020_ITA.pdf
  • Statista. (2017). Greenhouse gas emissions volume in the European Union from 1990 to 2017, by sector (in kilotonnes of CO2-equivalent). Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1171183/ghg- emissions-sector-european-union-eu/
  • Studie for the European Commission by Guidehouse and Tractebel. (2020). Hydrogen generation in Europe: Overview of costs and key benefits. Retrieved from https://www.apren.pt/contents/ publicationsothers/hydrogen-generation-in-europe.pdf
  • Sunfire. (2020). GRINHY2.0: Sunfire delivers the world’s largest high-temperatur electrolyzer to Salzgitter Flachstahl. Retrieved from https://www.sunfire.de/en/company/news/detail/grinhy2-0- sunfire-delivers-the-worlds-largest-high-temperatur-electrolyzer-to-salzgitter-flachstahl
  • TESCO Ireland. (2020). Tesco becomes the first Irish retailer to purchase renewable gas made from
    its own surplus food to power stores. Retrieved from https://www.tescoireland.ie/news/news/article/ tesco-becomes-the-first-irish-retailer-to-purchase-renewable-gas-made-from-its-own-surplus-food-to- power-stores
  • The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. (2019). A mountain to climb? – Tracking progress in scaling up renewable gas production in Europe. Retrieved from https://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/ wp-content/uploads/2019/10/A-mountain-to-climb-Tracking-progress-in-scaling-up-renewable-gas- production-in-Europe-NG-153.pdf
  • THyGA. (2020). THyGA – Testing Hydrogen admizture for Gas Applications. Retrieved from https://thyga- project.eu/
  • Thyssen Krupp. (2020a). Thyssenkrupp’s water electrolysis technology qualified as primary control reserve – E.ON and thyssenkrupp bring hydrogen production to the electricity market. Retrieved from https://www.thyssenkrupp.com/en/newsroom/press-releases/pressdetailpage/thyssenkrupps-water- electrolysis-technology-qualified-as-primary-control-reserve–eon-and-thyssenkrupp-bring-hydrogen- production-to-the-electricity-market-83355
  • Thyssen Krupp. (2020b). Green hydrogen: thyssenkrupp expands production capacities for water electrolysis to gigawatt scale. Retrieved from https://www.thyssenkrupp.com/en/newsroom/press- releases/pressdetailpage/green-hydrogen–thyssenkrupp-expands-production-capacities-for-water- electrolysis-to-gigawatt-scale-82759
  • Topsector Energy. (2020). Waterstofversneller. Retrieved from https://projecten.topsectorenergie.nl/ projecten/waterstofversneller-00031839
  • Torrgas. (2020). Torrgas opens worlds first modular bio-syngas plant. Retrieved from http://torrgas.nl/
  • U.S. Department of Energy. (n.d.). Hydrogen Production: Natural Gas Reforming. Retrieved from
    https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/hydrogen-production-natural-gas-reforming
  • US Department of Energy. (2015). Fuel cells fact sheet. Retrieved from https://www.energy.gov/sites/ prod/files/2015/11/f27/fcto_fuel_cells_fact_sheet.pdf
  • Vermeulen, U. (2017). Turning a hydrogen economy into reality. International Partnship for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy (IPHE) – 28th Steering Committee Meeting. The Hague. Retrieved from https://www.iphe.net/28th-steering-committee-meeting-pub
  • West Grid Synergy. (2020). Premier démonstrateur européen de réseaux intelligents pour le gaz. Retrieved from https://www.westgridsynergy.fr/projet-west-grid-synergy
Menu