3.2.3 Growing number of fuelling stations
One of the prerequisites in the adoption of gas- based transport fuels is sufficient coverage of the EU fuelling infrastructure; infrastructure rollout is defined by the EU Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive.143 The number of LNG and hydrogen fuelling stations is still limited. Over the past few years, the number of fuelling stations has increased, with a particularly strong increase in the number of LNG and hydrogen fuelling stations over the last year (Figure 3.16). The number of CNG fuelling stations gradually increased over the last few years.
Regional differences exist in the number of fuelling stations across EU member states. Italy has a historically strong and increasing position in natural gas-based CNG use and associated fuelling stations, while hydrogen fuelling stations are mainly located in Germany (Figure 3.17). Many CNG stations provide a blend of natural gas and biomethane. The share of biomethane for transport is largest in Northern European countries, where 100% biomethane is offered in over half of fuelling stations.